Urinary incontinence in women is a condition involving the uncontrollable leakage of urine. Many women are embarrassed to talk about it, but it’s a relatively common problem. It’s important to speak with your physician if you’re experiencing symptoms of urinary incontinence so you can learn about treatments options.
Here’s more on the types, causes, symptoms, and treatments for urinary incontinence in women.
Types of Urinary Incontinence
The severity of urinary incontinence can vary greatly. For some women, it may mean simply having occasional leaks when they cough or laugh. Women with a more severe condition may have a sudden urge to urinate without enough time to make it to a bathroom. The different types of urinary incontinence in women are:
Urge Incontinence. This type of incontinence causes a strong, sudden urge to urinate. It’s followed by the involuntary loss of urine. You might have to urinate often and wake throughout the night to use the bathroom. Urge incontinence is sometimes caused by another condition such as an infection, neurological condition or diabetes.
Stress Incontinence. When you experience leaks due to pressure exerted on your bladder, this is known as stress incontinence. It may occur when you laugh, sneeze, cough or exercise. Many pregnant women experience stress incontinence. Most people have experienced this type of incontinence at some time in their life.
Functional Incontinence. This kind of incontinence is caused by a mental or physical impairment preventing you from making it to the toilet in time. Disabled people often experience functional incontinence.
Overflow Incontinence. With this type of incontinence, you experience frequent or constant dripping of urine because your bladder has not completely emptied.
Urinary Incontinence During Pregnancy. This temporary form of incontinence affects many pregnant women. It’s typically caused by the added weight and pressure your uterus places on the bladder. Hormonal fluctuations are another reason pregnant women may experience incontinence.
Mixed Incontinence. Mixed incontinence is just as its name implies. You experience more than one type of incontinence.
Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence in Women
- Urine leakage during regular activities such as coughing, sneezing or lifting.
- Leaking urine without urge or warning.
- The sudden urge to urinate right away.
- Not being able to reach the toilet in time to urinate.
Treatment for Urinary Incontinence
The treatment for urinary incontinence varies depending on the cause and severity and which type of incontinence you’re experiencing. Your healthcare provider will also want to address any underlying conditions that may be causing the incontinence. Here are some of the most effective treatments for urinary incontinence in women.
Behavioral Techniques. These techniques include bladder training, double voiding, scheduled toilet trips, and diet management.
Pelvic Floor Therapy. This therapy rehabilitates and strengthens the pelvic floor muscles therapeutically through specific exercises.
Medications. Mirabegron, anticholinergics, topical estrogen and alpha blockers can be prescribed by your doctor.
Interventional Therapies. Some patients find relief through Botox injections, bulking material injections and nerve stimulators.
Surgery. If other treatments are not effective, surgery may be recommended. Surgeries include prolapse surgery, sling procedures, and bladder neck suspension.
Help For Women Suffering From Urinary Incontinence
It is best to speak with a physician if you are experiencing urinary incontinence. They will be able to help determine the cause and find the right treatment for your. Call North Florida OBGYN of Jacksonville to schedule an appointment with us today.